This is a five fold procedure for eliminating accumulated impurities from the mind body physiology. Pancha, in Sanskrit means "five" and karma means "action". Panchakarma therefore refers to the five actions that are considered the most powerful, purifying, and rejuvenating procedures in Ayurveda. This unique treatment aims at correcting the imbalance of the biological energies – Vata, Pita, and Kapha in order to maintain their inherent equilibrium. During each season of the year, one or more of the doshas accumulate, which results an imbalance and makes the body prone to illness. Changes occurs in both the mind and body of the individual. This entire process is designed to facilitate the deep–rooted release of stress, and to encourage the individuals to surrender to the healing process.
The five fold treatment during Panchakarma is not only intended for elimination of disease causing toxins but also to replenish the tissues with nourishment. Therefore this is also termed as Ayurvedic Rejuvenation therapy.
There are three integrated components of the panchakarma process: the preparation phase [in Sanskrit known as Poorva karma], the principal procedures [Pradhana karma], and the post treatment care which includes diet regimen and other dos and don'ts [Paschat karma].